Amidst rising EV hearth incidents, Niti Aayog drafts battery swapping coverage

Amidst rising EV hearth incidents, Niti Aayog drafts battery swapping coverage

Niti Aayog got here out with a battery swapping coverage draft for electrical automobiles on April 21. The draft urged incentives in addition to rigorous testing protocol for swappable batteries. The draft coverage additionally comes at a time when there are rising considerations about issues of safety round electrical automobiles within the wake of a number of situations of such automobiles catching hearth.

The Aayog in its draft coverage additional mentioned all main cities resembling state capitals, UT headquarters and cities with inhabitants above 5 lakh will probably be coated underneath the second section, given the significance of the two-wheeler and three-wheeler car segments in rising cities. . The coverage seeks a degree taking part in discipline throughout enterprise fashions involving the sale of EVs with fastened or swappable batteries.

The draft coverage additionally proposes that demand aspect incentives supplied underneath current or new schemes for EV buy might be made obtainable to EVs with swappable batteries eligible underneath this coverage. “The scale of the motivation could possibly be decided primarily based on the kWh score of the battery and suitable EV,” it urged.

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As per the draft coverage, an applicable multiplier could also be utilized to the subsidy allotted to battery suppliers to account for the float battery necessities for battery swapping stations.

It is usually proposed {that a} seamless mechanism for the disbursement of subsidies shall be labored out by the ministry or division involved, the draft coverage said. To make sure a excessive degree of safety on the electrical interface, the Aayog proposed {that a} strong/rigorous testing protocol shall be adopted to keep away from any dielectric breakdown, arc phenomenon, or any undesirable temperature rise on the electrical interface.

Battery administration system (BMS) of the battery have to be self-certified and open for testing to test its compatibility with numerous techniques, and functionality to satisfy security necessities, it mentioned.

The draft identified that as per the present Items and Companies Tax (GST) regime, the tax charges on lithium-ion batteries and Electrical Car Provide Tools (EVSE) are 18 % and 5 %, respectively.

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“The GST Council, the choice making physique on GST provisions, could think about lowering the differential throughout the 2 tax charges,” it urged. Based on the draft coverage doc, to offer improved data on battery well being and efficiency, and to allow extra flexibility to customers by means of peer-to-peer roaming networks, information sharing agreements amongst main battery suppliers will probably be inspired.

To implement distinctive traceability throughout the battery lifecycle, the draft coverage additionally proposes to assign a Distinctive Identification Quantity(UIN) on the manufacturing stage for monitoring and monitoring EV batteries.

It mentioned any particular person or entity is free to arrange a battery swapping station at any location, offered that the required technical, security and efficiency requirements are adhered to.

Contemplating the constraint of area in city areas for organising charging stations at scale, the Finance Minister in her Finances speech 2022-23 had introduced that the Middle could be introducing a battery swapping coverage and interoperability requirements in an effort to enhance effectivity within the EV ecosystem .

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Based on an official assertion, on this regard, Niti Aayog held an inter-ministerial dialogue to formulate a strong and complete battery swapping coverage framework in February 2022.

It additionally held an in depth pre-draft stakeholder dialogue with a large spectrum of stakeholders representing battery swapping operators, battery producers, car OEMs, monetary establishments, assume tanks and different specialists.

Battery swapping is another which entails exchanging discharged batteries for charged ones. Battery swapping de-links the car and gasoline (Battery on this case) and therefore reduces the upfront value of the automobiles.

The assertion famous that battery swapping is popularly used for smaller automobiles resembling 2 and three wheelers which have smaller batteries which might be simpler to swap in comparison with different automotive segments whereby the identical might be carried out mechanically.

Additional, battery swapping gives a degree taking part in discipline to progressive and sustainable enterprise fashions resembling ‘Battery As a Service’, the assertion mentioned. The draft is up for session, and Niti Aayog has invited feedback on it till June 5.

(With inputs from PTI)

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